Check out NASA's asteroid catching robot arms
NASA is set to launch the robotic portion of its Asteroid Redirect Mission in 2021. This will be the first mission to visit and collect a multi-ton sample from a large near-Earth asteroid. The collected sample will be used in a demonstration of enhanced gravity tractor asteroid deflection.Recently at the Robotic Operation's Center of NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland, a robotic capture module system prototype used a mock asteroid boulder to test its capabilitiesNASA, along with students from West Virginia University, created the mock asteroid boulder from rock, styrofoam, plywood and an interior aluminum frame. The robotic hardware for the project includes three space frame legs with foot pads and two seven degrees of freedom arms with microspine grippers to hold on to the massive rock. Within the ROC engineers have multiple tools — industrial robots, motion-based platforms, and customized algorithms — to aide in creating simulations of robotic spacecraft operating in space. Engineers will also have the capability to practice and perfect robotic satellite servicing operations, fine tuning systems and controllers and optimizing performance factors for future repair and refueling missions.This portion of ARM will place the recovered asteroid sample in stable orbit around the moon. Future astronauts will explore the boulder and retrieve samples for study. NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission offers advances in technologies and spaceflight experience, bringing necessary growth for the manned Martian missions planned for the 2030s.
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WHAT IS NASA'S ASTEROID REDIRECT MISSION?
New 2015. NASA is developing a first-ever robotic mission to visit a large near-Earth asteroid, collect a multi-ton boulder from its surface, and redirect it into a stable orbit around the moon. Once it’s there, astronauts will explore it and return with samples in the 2020s. This Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) is part of NASA’s plan to advance the new technologies and spaceflight experience needed for a human mission to the Martian system in the 2030s. NASA has identified multiple candidate asteroids and continues the search for one that could be redirected to near the moon in the 2020s. Since the announcement of the Asteroid Initiative in 2013, NASA’s Near-Earth Object Observation Program has catalogued more than 1,000 new near-Earth asteroids discovered by various search teams. Of those identified so far, four could be good candidates for ARM. Scientists anticipate many more will be discovered over the next few years, and NASA will study their velocity, orbit, size and spin before deciding on the target asteroid for the ARM mission.
The Asteroid Redirect Mission is one part of NASA’s Asteroid Initiative. The initiative also includes an Asteroid Grand Challenge, designed to accelerate NASA’s efforts to locate potentially hazardous asteroids through non-traditional collaborations and partnerships. The challenge could also help identify viable candidates for ARM.
NASA plans to launch the ARM robotic spacecraft at the end of this decade. The spacecraft will capture a boulder off of a large asteroid using a robotic arm. After an asteroid mass is collected, the spacecraft will redirect it to a stable orbit around the moon called a “Distant Retrograde Orbit.” Astronauts aboard NASA's Orion spacecraft, launched from a Space Launch System (SLS) rocket, will explore the asteroid in the mid-2020s.
Asteroids are left-over materials from the solar system's formation. Astronauts will return to Earth with far more samples than have ever been available for study, which could open new scientific discoveries about the formation of our solar system and beginning of life on Earth.
The robotic mission also will demonstrate planetary defense techniques to deflect dangerous asteroids and protect Earth if needed in the future. NASA will choose an asteroid mass for capture with a size and mass that cannot harm the Earth, because it would burn up in the atmosphere. In addition to ensuring a stable orbit, redirecting the asteroid mass to a distant retrograde orbit around the moon also will ensure it will not hit Earth.
Perhaps most importantly, NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission will greatly advance NASA’s human path to Mars, testing the capabilities needed for a crewed mission to the Red Planet in the 2030s. For more information, read “How NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission Will Help Humans Reach Mars.”
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NASA's Plan To Give Our Moon Its Own Moon
NASA is planning on taking a piece of an asteroid and redirecting it into the moon's orbit, but how is that even possible?
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What Is NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission?
"NASA is developing a first-ever robotic mission to visit a large near-Earth asteroid, collect a multi-ton boulder from its surface, and redirect it into a stable orbit around the moon. Once it's there, astronauts will explore it and return with samples in the 2020s. This Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) is part of NASA's plan to advance the new technologies and spaceflight experience needed for a human mission to the Martian system in the 2030s."
How Will NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission Help Humans Reach Mars?
"A human mission to and from the Mars system could last 500 days or longer, including six to nine months of transit each way. Missions to Mars will need to be "Earth Independent." To become Earth independent, NASA will develop and test through ARM a number of new technologies and capabilities that will directly enable future missions to Mars."
NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission Emerges From First Planning Stages
"NASA will not have to choose a target asteroid until 2020, but in the meantime the agency has focused on 2008 EV5 as a reference. This 1,300-foot-wide (400 meters) asteroid orbits the sun every 343 days. Observations with radio telescopes suggest that the asteroid has boulders of a variety of sizes that ARM could choose from."
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Asteroid Re-Direct Mission Debate - 19th Annual International Mars Society Convention
Do We Need the Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)?
Dr. Louis Friedman, Former Executive Director, The Planetary Society
Dr. Thomas Jones, Former NASA Astronaut and Former Member NASA Advisory Council
Dr. Robert Zubrin, President, The Mars Society
Art Harman, Director, Coalition to Save Manned Space Exploration, & Former Legislative Director, Office of Congressman Steve Stockman
Jeff Foust, Moderator, Senior Staff Writer, SpaceNews, & Editor, The Space Review
Asteroid Redirect Mission Briefing on This Week @NASA – September 19, 2016
On Sept. 14, officials from the White House and NASA discussed the space agency’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) during a televised event at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. On the mission, which is targeted for launch in Dec. 2021, NASA plans to send a robotic spacecraft to an asteroid tens of millions of miles from Earth, capture a multi-ton boulder, and bring it to an orbit near the moon for future exploration by astronauts on a following mission aboard NASA’s Orion spacecraft. During the live discussion, John Holdren, assistant to President Obama for Science and Technology, NASA Administrator Charles Bolden and ARM Program Director Michele Gates highlighted the mission’s scientific and technological benefits, how the mission will support NASA’s goal of sending humans to Mars in the 2030s, and how it will demonstrate technology relevant to defending Earth from potentially hazardous asteroids. Also, Astronaut Tim Kopra Visits DC Area, The Warmest August in 136 Years, and 2016 Arctic Sea Ice Minimum Ties 2nd Lowest on Record!
Asteroid Redirect Mission Robotic Trajectory and Crew Operations
This concept animation opens with a rendering of the mission's spacecraft trajectory, rendezvous, and approach to asteroid 2008 EV5. Although the mission's target asteroid won't officially be selected until a year before the robotic spacecraft is launched, 2008 EV5 is used as a reference for mission planning details. The animation concludes with the notional crew operations that will take place after the asteroid boulder is placed in lunar orbit.
White House, NASA Discuss Asteroid Redirect Mission
Officials from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) and NASA held a live Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) discussion at the space agency’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland. During the event on Wednesday, Sept. 14, OSTP’s Dr. John P. Holdren, NASA’s Administrator Charles Bolden and ARM Program Director Dr. Michele Gates, highlighted the mission’s scientific and technological benefits, how the mission will support NASA’s goal of sending humans to Mars in the 2030s, and how ARM will demonstrate technology relevant to defending Earth from potentially hazardous asteroids.
Why Do We Want To Capture An Asteroid?
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In 2013 NASA introduced an asteroid-capture mission called ARM (Asteroid Redirect Mission) which would bring an asteroid to moon's orbit by the year 2025.
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The Plan To Protect Earth Against Asteroids (Or Lack Thereof): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uVZHeZp5gIo&list=PLwwOk5fvpuuL2J7skzC2usTOj2fmZqSbC&index=2
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The Evolution Of NASA’s Ambitious Asteroid-Capture Mission:
“NASA's ambitious asteroid-capture mission has changed a lot since the agency officially announced its existence less than two years ago. The original plan, which was revealed in April 2013, called for dragging an intact small space rock into orbit around the moon, where it would be visited by astronauts, perhaps as early as 2021."
Animation Of Proposed Asteroid Retrieval Mission Video:
“NASA's 2014 budget poposes a mission to robotically capture a small near-Earth asteroid and bring it into a stable lunar orbit where astronauts can visit and explore it, a 'stepping stone' to future missions to farther asteroids."
Asteroid Retrieval Feasibility Study:
“This report describes the results of a study sponsored by the Keck Institute for Space Studies (KISS) to investigate the feasibility of identifying, robotically capturing, and returning an entire Near-Earth Asteroid (NEA) to the vicinity of the Earth by the middle of the next decade."
NASA Aims To Land On, Capture Asteroids Within Next 15 Years:
“NASA researchers are at work developing a plan that not only hopes to physically place astronauts on an asteroid for the first time, but also to wrangle a space object and place it in the orbit of the Earth’s moon."
Meet The Team At Planetary Resources:
“Our stellar team of colleagues, advisors, investors and customers are bringing value to global markets today, while impacting humanity’s economic footprint in the Solar System."
Asteroid Mining Company’s 1st Satellite Launches From Space Station:
“A private spaceflight company took one small step for asteroid mining this week with the launch of its first spacecraft to test technology that may one day help tap into the riches of the solar system."
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NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission - Guest Lecture ft. Brian Muirhead
[PUBLIC LECTURE - LIVE STREAM]
NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission
ARM Project Manager
NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Chief Engineer
Thursday, 5th November, 6:30pm
Clancy Auditorium, UNSW Kensington
The Asteroid Redirect Mission is two missions; a robotic and a crewed mission. The robotic mission is proposed to use advanced solar electric propulsion to rendezvous with a large asteroid, land on it, pick up a boulder and lift off with it. The spacecraft will then return to the Earth-Moon system where a human crew in the Orion spacecraft will dock with the robotic spacecraft and conduct two extra-vehicular activities (EVAs) to explore the boulder and bring back samples. These two missions are core building blocks in NASA’s plans to extend human exploration into the solar system, leading eventually the human exploration of Mars.
Brian Muirhead was appointed Chief Engineer at the Executive Council level at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in December, 2009. He is currently the Project Manager for the Asteroid Redirect Robotic Mission (ARRM).
Asteroid Redirect Mission - Video Learning - WizScience.com
The "Asteroid Redirect Mission" , also known as the "Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization" mission and the "Asteroid Initiative", is a potential future space mission proposed by NASA. Still in the early stages of planning and development, the spacecraft would rendezvous with a large near-Earth asteroid and use robotic arms with anchoring grippers to retrieve a 4-meter boulder from the asteroid.
The spacecraft will characterize the asteroid and demonstrate at least one planetary defense technique before transporting the boulder to a stable lunar orbit, where it could be further analyzed both by robotic probes and by a future manned mission. If funded, the mission would be launched in December 2020, with the additional objectives to test a number of new capabilities needed for future human expeditions to deep space, including advanced ion thrusters.
The Asteroid Retrieval and Utilization mission, excluding any manned missions to an asteroid which it may enable, was the subject of a feasibility study in 2012 by the Keck Institute for Space Studies. The mission cost was estimated by the Glenn Research Center at about $2.6 billion, of which $105 million was funded in 2014 to mature the concept. NASA Administrator Charles Bolden has stated that: "This mission represents an unprecedented technological feat that will lead to new scientific discoveries and technological capabilities and help protect our home planet." NASA officials emphasized that ARM was intended as one step in the long-term plans to send humans to Mars.
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STEM in 30 – Asteroid Redirect Mission
“Asteroid Redirect Mission” is part of the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum’s STEM in 30 series of live, fast-paced, 30-minute webcasts designed to increase interest and engagement in STEM for students. This episode, which originated from the museum Sept. 23, 2015, highlights the NASA mission being planned to capture a piece of an asteroid for study by NASA scientists. This STEM in 30 is all about asteroids; what we can learn from capturing one, and the technology needed to accomplish such a mission.
Shotgun concept for the NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM)
NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) will capture a large boulder from the surface of an asteroid and transport it to a cislunar orbit. One of the mission risks relates to the unknown geotechnical properties and strength of the asteroid regolith and boulder, respectively.
The Shotgun system reduces this risk by firing small projectiles (“balls”) at the surface of the asteroid or boulder. If a ball impacts regolith, it will create a crater whose size is a function of regolith strength and density. If a ball impacts a coherent boulder, it will bounce back at a certain speed, whose value is proportional to rock strength. If the rebound speed cannot be measured, hollow balls packed with retroreflectors (similar to paintballs) could be used instead. The shell of such balls can be designed to crack open and release retroreflectors when impacting rock above the threshold strength required for successful boulder retrieval.
NASA Seeking More Information for Asteroid Redirect Mission
NASA has issued a Request for Information (RFI) seeking ideas from American companies for a spacecraft design that could be used for both the agency's Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) and a robotic satellite servicing mission in low-Earth orbit.
In the early-2020s NASA plans to launch the Asteroid Redirect Mission, which will use a robotic spacecraft to capture a large boulder from the surface of a near-Earth asteroid and move it into a stable orbit around the moon for exploration by astronauts, all in support of advancing the nation's journey to Mars.
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NASA Plans Asteroid Mission to Test Earth-Defense
NASA has announced plans to redirect a boulder taken from the surface of a nearby asteroid into orbit around the moon in a $1.25b mission that will test for diverting future asteroids and getting human astronauts to Mars. We look at the story on the Lip News with Jo Ankier and Jackie Koppell.
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Asteroid hitting Earth: NASA Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM) will use Enhanced Gravity Tractor
NASA announced a plan on Wednesday regarding a future mission to change the trajectory of an asteroid. The mission may have the potential to protect Earth from an impending asteroid impact in the future.
NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission or ARM, scheduled for the mid-2020's, involves sending a robotic spacecraft to an asteroid passing by Earth.
The robot will then do a series of fly-by optical surveys of the asteroid surface.
The robot would then land on the asteroid for the boulder collection portion of the mission which would last about 10 minutes.
After pushing away from the asteroid and three days of analysing the boulder, it will begin the planetary defense portion of the mission.
Using the gravitational attraction between the spacecraft and boulder, they will attempt to deflect the asteroid, a process they call Enhanced Gravity Tractor.
It will then take about six years for the robot to return to lunar orbit where astronauts aboard the Orion spacecraft will dock with the robot to further study the boulder.
The current concept for the manned portion of ARM involves two-astronauts and is expected to take take about three-and-a-half weeks.
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Asteroid Redirect Mission: Robotic Segment
This concept animation illustrates the robotic segment of NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission. The Asteroid Redirect Vehicle, powered by solar electric propulsion, travels to a large asteroid to robotically collect a boulder from its surface. It then conducts a "gravity tractor" planetary defense demonstration on the asteroid before bringing the captured boulder to a stable orbit around the moon where astronauts can visit, explore, and sample it.
Asteroid Redirect Mission: Crew Segment
NASA announced the next step in the plan to retrieve an asteroid boulder from a near-Earth asteroid and redirect it into a stable orbit around the moon to carry out human exploration missions, all in support of advancing the nation's journey to Mars. For NASA’s Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), a robotic spacecraft will capture a boulder from the surface of an asteroid for exploration by astronauts in the mid-2020s to test a number of new capabilities needed for future human expeditions to deep space, including to Mars. This animation illustrates the crewed part of ARM, showing how astronauts will travel to the asteroid using NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket and the Orion spacecraft, investigate the boulder and return a sample of the asteroid back to Earth.
5 Ways to Stop a Killer Asteroid | What the Stuff?!
From nuclear weapons to gas eruptions, what will be the most reliable method for saving the planet from a killer asteroid?
10 Ways to Stop a Killer Asteroid:
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"Tension Is Rising" by The Insider
According to the astronomer Phil Plait, an asteroid just 6 miles wide is big enough to completely wipe out humankind. Now imagine astronomers discover TODAY that a planet-killer-sized asteroid is bearing down on Earth. Could we stop it? How?
Nuclear Weapons. The obvious choice: Nuke it from orbit. But this time it’s _not_ the only way to be sure. Because, hitting an asteroid dead-on with a nuclear warhead might simply break one huge asteroid into a few smaller fragments that still hit Earth. A better idea might be to detonate a nuke NEAR the asteroid, pushing it to one side or another so its trajectory changes and it ultimately misses our planet.
Kinetic Energy. Even more old-fashioned than the nuke is the kinetic impact. Basically, you deflect the incoming object by slamming another incoming object into it. Scientists have done this before. In 2005, the “Deep Impact” mission (I see what you did there NASA…) altered the trajectory of a comet by hitting it with an 816-pound probe flying at 5 miles per second.
Solar sails. We could simply let the sun blow the asteroid away. A solar sail takes advantage of radiation pressure: the slight push of the sun’s energy against a reflective surface. If we have enough lead time, we could send out probes to cover the asteroid with mirrored sails, foil or reflective paint and let the sun push it away over the course of several decades. Researchers in Beijing came up with this plan in 2011 to redirect the Apophis asteroid.
A gravitational tractor. All objects with mass have gravity – even an object as small as a spacecraft. So if you put a heavy enough probe in a close orbit around an asteroid, the gravity of the probe would slowly pull the asteroid off course, like a tractor pulling a heavy trailer. British company EADS Astrium started developing one of these probes in 2009. Just remember, this method also depends on a long forewarning before collision.
Steam it. Many asteroids contain frozen substances. With some intense heat these can be made to melt—or evaporate. By aiming a high-powered laser or focusing the sunlight with angled mirrors at one side of the asteroid, some scientists think they can cause frozen parts of the asteroid to erupt into gas jets that will act like rocket propellant, pushing the asteroid in the opposite direction.
What do you think is the best way to stop a killer asteroid? Let us know in the comments and subscribe! And for more on everything from asteroid mining to launching solar sails, visit us at howstuffworks.com.
Asteroid Redirect Mission: Identify, Redirect, Explore
NASA is developing a first-ever mission to identify, capture and redirect a near-Earth asteroid to a stable orbit around the moon, where astronauts will explore it in the 2020s, returning with samples.
NASA Announces Latest Progress, Upcoming Milestones in Hunt for Asteroids
NASA is on the hunt for an asteroid to capture with a robotic spacecraft, redirect to a stable orbit around the moon, and send astronauts to study in the 2020s -- all on the agency's human Path to Mars. Agency officials announced on Thursday recent progress to identify candidate asteroids for its Asteroid Redirect Mission (ARM), increase public participation in the search for asteroids, and advance the mission's design.
NASA plans to launch the ARM robotic spacecraft in 2019 and will make a final choice of the asteroid for the mission about a year before the spacecraft launches. NASA is working on two concepts for the mission: the first is to fully capture a very small asteroid in open space, and the second is to collect a boulder-sized sample off of a much larger asteroid. The agency will choose between these two concepts in late 2014 and further refine the mission's design.
NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope made recent observations of an asteroid, designated 2011 MD, which bears the characteristics of a good candidate for the full capture concept. While NASA will continue to look for other candidate asteroids during the next few years as the mission develops, astronomers are making progress to find suitable candidate asteroids for humanity's next destination into the solar system.
How To Capture an Asteroid (Kerbal Space Program)
Harv presents a short tutorial on how to capture an asteroid in the Kerbal Space Program. Here's a link to the aero-braking calculator:
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Kerbal Space Program is available at http://www.kerbalspaceprogram.com There is also a free demo, if you just want to try the basic game out first.
Asteroid Redirect Mission
Play the Asteroid Redirect Mission inside Kerbal Space Program now! The ARM was made in collaboration with NASA.
For more information about the NASA Asteroid Initiative visit this link http://www.nasa.gov/asteroidinitiative
Kerbal Space Program
KSP Asteroid Redirect Mission
Kerbal Space Program continues!
Asteroid Redirect Mission: Concept Highlights
A one-minute video of Asteroid Redirect Mission highlights featuring concepts of capturing an asteroid by encapsulation and robotically collecting a boulder from its surface.
Asteroid Redirect Mission: Boulder Collection Concept
This animation illustrates one of two robotic mission concepts under consideration for NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission. In this concept, the Asteroid Redirect Vehicle descends to the surface of a large asteroid and robotically collects a boulder from its surface.
See the other mission concept, which encapsulates a small, free-flying asteroid using an inflatable capture bag: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lCJjTJZSFMg&list=PLiuUQ9asub3Rv-TwKMRuy4HWYndP7wREj&feature=share&index=4
Kerbal Asteroid Redirection - Livestream
Instead of a hangout I'm going to be playing the test version of the new KSP release (not yet released to the public)
Kerbal Space Program - Asteroid Redirect Mission - New Parts and Features
The first of 2 videos exploring the new bells and whistles in the new asteroid redirect mission update for Kerbal Space Program.
Sorry, I got distracted flying around with Ion engine powered aircraft, instead of diverting an asteroid.
NASA's Asteroid Redirect Mission
Asteroid Redirect Mission Concept Animation
Concept animation featuring notional crew operations during NASA's proposed Asteroid Redirect Mission
B612 Foundation Asteroid Deflection Visualization: Gravity Tractor Close-up
B612 Foundation Asteroid Deflection Visualization: Gravity Tractor Close-up
Director: Rusty Schweickart/B612
Co-Director: Ed Lu/B612
Animator: Ryan Norkus/DigitalSpace
Producer: Bruce Damer/DigitalSpace
Asteroid Discovery From 1980 - 2010
Video Created by Scott Manley, this is a view of the solar system showing the locations of all the asteroids starting in 1980, as asteroids are discovered they are added to the map and highlighted white so you can pick out the new ones.
The final colour of an asteroids indicates how closely it comes to the inner solar system.
Earth Crossers are Red
Earth Approachers (Perihelion less than 1.3AU) are Yellow
All Others are Green
Notice now the pattern of discovery follows the Earth around its orbit, most discoveries are made in the region directly opposite the Sun. You'll also notice some clusters of discoveries on the line between Earth and Jupiter, these are the result of surveys looking for Jovian moons. Similar clusters of discoveries can be tied to the other outer planets, but those are not visible in this video.
As the video moves into the mid 1990's we see much higher discovery rates as automated sky scanning systems come online. Most of the surveys are imaging the sky directly opposite the sun and you'll see a region of high discovery rates aligned in this manner.
At the beginning of 2010 a new discovery pattern becomes evident, with discovery zones in a line perpendicular to the Sun-Earth vector. These new observations are the result of the WISE (Widefield Infrared Survey Explorer) which is a space mission that's tasked with imaging the entire sky in infrared wavelengths.
The scale of the video at 1080P resolution is roughly 1million kilometers per pixel, and each second of video corresponds to 60 days.
Currently we have observed over half a million minor planets, and the discovery rates show no sign that we're running out of undiscovered objects, scientific estimates suggest that there are about a billion asteroids larger than 100metres (about the size of a football field) .
Orbital elements were taken from the 'astorb.dat' data created by Ted Bowell and associates at ftp://ftp.lowell.edu/pub/elgb/astorb.html
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Check out todays asteroid map at http://szyzyg.arm.ac.uk/~spm/neo_map.html
Quite a few journalists, bloggers and tweeters are attributing this to NASA or Arecibo Observatory - while they do fine work they had nothing to do with this. If you write a story you can credit it to Scott Manley.
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