What are Hypergolic Rocket Fuels? (Other than Explosive, Corrosive, Toxic, Carcinogenic and Orange)
Hypergolic fuels are a core technology in rocket science, propellents that will spontaneously combust when mixed together. This makes them attractive for rocket designers, who generally aren't the people who have to get in a the protective gear to load the stuff.
So, what are they made of, and why do designers pick one option over another?
Rocket Science in 60 Seconds: What Is the NASA SLS Rocket’s Exploration Upper Stage?
Rocket Science in 60 Seconds gives you an inside look at work being done at NASA to explore deep space. Kent Chojnacki is the associate manager for the Stages Office for NASA’s Space Launch System (SLS) rocket at NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville, Alabama. In this episode, Kent explains how the exploration upper stage will make the SLS rocket even more powerful and allow more cargo to be sent to the Moon on Artemis lunar missions and later on missions to Mars. For more information about SLS, visit https://www.nasa.gov/exploration/systems/sls/index.html.
Long March 4B Rocket
China on Sunday launched a new Earth observation satellite, Gaofen-7, which will play an important role in land surveying and mapping, urban and rural construction and statistical investigation, according to the China National Space Administration (CNSA). The Gaofen-7, launched on a Long March 4B rocket at 11:22am (Beijing Time) from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in northern China's Shanxi Province, is China's first civil-use optical transmission three-dimensional surveying and mapping satellite that reaches the sub-meter level. Via the same carrier rocket, three other commercial and scientific experiment satellites including one developed for Sudan were also sent into space.
Reusable rocket engines | Interview
We're joined by Dr Matt Richardson of U Tokyo/JAXA to talk reusable rocket engines. Matt recently graduated with a PhD in aerospace engineering where he tested ways to extend the lifetime and reduce refurbishment costs of liquid-fueled rocket engines. You can find Matt on twitter at @Mattgineer As always, you can help the shows of TMRO by becoming a Member at youtube.com/tmro/join
Important Cargo Headed to the Space Station on This Week @NASA – November 2, 2019
Important cargo headed to the space station, installing the thrust behind our return to the Moon, and a devastating wildfire seen from space … a few of the stories to tell you about – This Week at NASA! This video is available for download from NASA's Image and Video Library: https://images.nasa.gov/details-NHQ_2019_1102_Important%20Cargo%20Headed%20to%20the%20Space%20Station%20on%20This%20Week%[email protected]
Watch NASA and Northrup Grumman Launch to the ISS!
Watch NASA and Northrup Grumman launch an Antares rocket with a Cygnus resupply spacecraft to the International Space Station. There'll be 3,500 kg (7,720 lbs) launched inside the Cygnus Capsule. It's scheduled to lift off at 9:59:46 AM EDT (13:59:46UTC) from MARS LP-OA - Wallops, Virginia. ---------------------------- Want to support what I do? Consider becoming a Patreon supporter for access to exclusive livestreams, our discord channel and subreddit! - http://patreon.com/everydayastronaut The best place for all your space merch needs!
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Launching Cargo to International Space Station Aboard Northrop Grumman's Cygnus spacecraft
On Sat., Nov. 2 at 9:59 a.m. EDT, Northrop Grumman's Antares rocket and Cygnus spacecraft launched from Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia on a cargo resupply mission to the International Space Station. Cygnus will deliver around 8,200 pounds of research, supplies, and hardware to the orbiting laboratory, including supplies for upcoming spacewalks and student CubeSats. Read more about the mission: https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-science-cargo-heads-to-space-station-on-northrop-grumman-mission/
Inside KSC! Nov. 1, 2019
The Space Launch System core stage pathfinder - a full-scale mock-up of the rocket's actual core stage - was loaded back onto NASA's Pegasus barge for its return trip to the agency's Michoud Assembly Facility in Louisiana. While at Kennedy, the pathfinder allowed teams to practice offloading, maneuvering and stacking techniques. Also, SpaceX fired up the Crew Dragon's SuperDraco engines in preparation of the company's In-Flight Abort Test.
Live lifting starship core to launch pad
Everything We Know About The US Air Force's Secret Space Plane - The X-37B
For the last 10 years the US Air Force has been flying a small reusable space plane designated the X-37B, carrying out classified missions in low Earth orbit. This of course makes it something of a magnet for crazy conspiracy theories suggesting it's a weapons platform or it's changing the weather. However it was always pitched as a reusable platform to perform extended experiments in space starting back when it was a joint project with NASA. But NASA left the project after developing new flight control sensors and algorithms, because the purpose of the final product largely replicated capabilities already offered by the Space Station. The DoD had similar testing requirements with the extra constraint of keeping the hardware and tests classified, so, the X-37B offers them this capability. Photos of X37B in space by Ralph Vandebergh
Rocket Launch with Annie Wilson! 10/28/2019
SUPER RARE LIVE CHINESE ROCKET LAUNCH! ~ Rocket Launch Live! ~ Coverage of the Kuaizhou-1A | Jilin-1-02A launch Want to support CosmoQuest? Here are specific ways you can help:
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Watch the X-37B Space Plane's Nighttime Landing After Record 780 Days in Orbit
The US Air Force's X-37B's Orbital Test Vehicle 5 (OTV-5) mission ended when the space plane landed at NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida on Oct. 27, 2019. Story: US Air Force's X-37B Space Plane Lands After Record 780-Day Mystery Mission:https://www.space.com/x-37b-space-plane-otv5-lands-after-780-days.html Credit: 45th Space Wing Public Affairs / mash mix by Space.com's [Steve Spaleta](http://www.twitter.com/stevespaleta)
Inside KSC! Oct. 25, 2019
The NASA Business Opportunities Expo 2019 attracted about 200 business and government exhibitors. The event, which highlighted women-owned small businesses — and other socioeconomic categories — was held in Port Canaveral. Also, the rock band X Ambassadors toured unique areas around Kennedy Space Center, including Launch Complex 39B and Swamp Works.
Skylon...Reaction Engines Successfully test The precooler at mach 5
Mark Thomas (CEO - Reaction Engines) and Adam Dissel (President - Reaction Engines Inc.) talk about the achievement of reaching Mach 5 Tue, 2019-10-22 07:14
Reaction Engines has successfully tested its innovative precoolerat airflow temperature conditions representing Mach 5, or five times the speed of sound, marking a significant milestone in the development of its SABRE™ engine and paving the way for a revolution in hypersonic flight and space access. The precooler heat exchanger is a vital component of Reaction Engines’ revolutionary SABRE air-breathing rocket engine and is an enabling technology for other precooled propulsion systems and a range of commercial applications. This ground-based test achieved the highest temperature objective of the Company’s HTX testing programme and took place at its specially constructed unique facility at the Colorado Air and Space Port, United States. During the latest series of tests, Reaction Engines’ unique precooler successfully quenched airflow temperatures in excess of 1,000°C (~1,800°F) in less than 1/20th of a second. The tests demonstrated the precooler’s ability to successfully cool airflow at speeds significantly in excess of the operational limit of any jet-engine powered aircraft in history. Mach 5 is more than twice as fast as the cruising speed of Concorde and over 50% faster than the SR-71 Blackbird aircraft – the world’s fastest jet-engine powered aircraft. This most recent test builds upon the success of previous HTX hot tests undertaken in April which saw the precooler successfully operate at temperatures of 420ᵒC (~788ᵒF) – matching the thermal conditions corresponding to Mach 3.3 flight. Commenting, Mark Thomas, Chief Executive, Reaction Engines, said: “This is a major moment in the development of a breakthrough aerospace technology which has seen Reaction Engines’ precooler tested at Mach 5 airflow temperature conditions, smashing through previous achievements at Mach 3.3 temperatures and paving the way for hypersonic flight. In addition to its use in our SABRE class of air breathing rocket engines, there are numerous exciting commercial applications for our precooler technology, which delivers world-leading heat transfer capabilities at low weight and compact size, and we are seeing significant interest from a range of potential customers and technology partners.” Reaction Engines’ patented precooler heat exchanger has the potential to be used in a wide range of commercial thermal management applications. These include the development of precooled systems that would significantly enhance the performance of existing jet engine technology, along with applications in automotive, aerospace, energy and industrial processes. The major testing milestone is the culmination of 30 years of engineering innovation since Reaction Engines was founded in 1989 by three propulsion engineers from Rolls-Royce, Alan Bond, Richard Varvill and John Scott-Scott. Richard Varvill, Reaction Engines’ co-founder and current Chief Technology Officer, said: “This is a momentous landmark for Reaction Engines in the development of its SABRE engine, which has the potential to revolutionise both access to space and high-speed flight by powering aircraft to five times the speed of sound. The performance of our proprietary precooler technology was validated at hypersonic flight conditions and takes us closer to realising our objective of developing the first air-breathing engine capable of accelerating from zero to Mach 5.” The HTX hot heat exchanger testing programme is a significant milestone on the roadmap to enabling transformational SABRE powered space access systems and has been keenly supported by the UK Space Agency (UKSA) and European Space Agency (ESA). In March, the two agencies reviewed and validated the preliminary design of the demonstrator engine core of SABRE, which Reaction Engines will use to undertake ground-based testing at its under-construction TF1 test facility at Westcott, Buckinghamshire, UK. The HTX hot heat exchanger test programme was supported under a contract to the Company’s US subsidiary Reaction Engines Inc. by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA). The precooler test item was designed and constructed at Reaction Engines’ headquarters in the UK, before being shipped to the Company’s Colorado site for testing. Following this significant testing milestone, the Company will embark on achieving the next steps of the SABRE programme while also pursuing nearer-term opportunities that will benefit from the addition of the Company’s heat exchanger technology. Over the last four years Reaction Engines has raised over £100m from public and private sources and has secured investment from BAE Systems, Rolls-Royce and Boeing HorizonX. https://www.reactionengines.co.uk/news/reaction-engines-test-programme-fully-validates-precooler-hypersonic-heat-conditions
Inside KSC! Oct. 18, 2019
Practice makes perfect! Exploration Ground Systems and its contractor, Jacobs, rehearsed lifting procedures of the Space Launch System core stage using a full-scale mock-up, called pathfinder, inside the Vehicle Assembly Building. Kennedy employees recently assembled the flight hardware for NASA's Orbital Syngas Commodity Augmentation Reactor, or OSCAR, inside a laboratory at the center. OSCAR will be used to study technology that converts trash and human waste into useful gasses such as methane, hydrogen and carbon dioxide.
Inside Orion: Space Capsule Crew Systems
See the parts of the Orion spaceship that will keep astronauts safe and comfortable. From the glass cockpit displays to crew seats and life support systems, we take you inside Orion's crew systems. The Orion space capsule is built for NASA, and is the only spaceship rated for deep space travel. It will bring the first woman and next man to the Moon - and eventually carry humans to Mars. #NASAOrion #Space
As The Crow Flies Launch - 10/17/2019
Lift-off of the 'As The Crow Flies' mission occurred at 01:22 UTC on October 17 2019 from Rocket Lab Launch Complex 1 on New Zealand's Mahia Peninsula.
NASA Engineer Designs a Near Light Speed Engine But Does It Work?
You can buy Universe Sandbox 2 game here: http://amzn.to/2yJqwU6 Hello and welcome! My name is Anton and in this video, we will talk about a new NASA report that proposes an unusual engine design that could travel near the speed of light.
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AstroClipper: Plans For A Two-Stage, Fully Reusable Spaceplane
Even as the first rockets were launched into space decades ago, aerospace knew it was a wasteful process. Rocket stages, motors, and complex equipment crashed into the ocean or burned up in the Earth’s atmosphere. Could spaceplanes bring the costs down? Flying to orbit with a combination of jet engines and rockets and then safely re-enter the Earth’s atmosphere again. Single-stage to orbit spacecraft and spaceplanes have always seemed out of reach, and actually not that practical. But what about a two-stage, fully reusable spaceplane? Exodus Space Corporation has been secretly working on this concept for a decade now, and what they’re proposing is pretty revolutionary. Our Book is out!
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Multi-arm Swing Test
Exploration Ground Systems continued to make sure the mobile launcher is ready for Artemis I with a multi-arm swing test on Friday, October 4, 2019 at Launch Pad 39B at Kennedy Space Center in Florida. The Umbilical Arm Simultaneous Retract Test included retraction of the connections that will provide fuel, coolant and communications to the Space Launch System rocket up until launch. The umbilicals tested included the Interim Cryogenic Propulsion Stage Umbilical (ICPSU), the Core Stage Forward Skirt Umbilical (CSFSU) and the Core Stage Intertank Umbilical (CSIU).