A Copter Companion for the Mars 2020 Rover on This Week @NASA – May 11, 2018
Sending a helicopter to Mars, a busy week for our new Administrator, and showcasing how technology enables exploration – a few of the stories to tell you about – This Week at NASA!
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NASA Mars Helicopter Technology Demonstration
The Mars Helicopter is a technology demonstration that will travel to the Red Planet with the Mars 2020 rover. It will attempt controlled flight in Mars' thin atmosphere, which may enable more ambitious missions in the future. For more information, visit https://go.nasa.gov/2IC8tIh
The Mars 2020 Rover (collab with Fraser Cain) | Answers With Joe
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The Mars Curiosity Rover is one of the most successful planetary missions of all time. Here's how NASA plans to follow that up - the Mars 2020 Rover
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Veritasium on Mars 2020
Science Objective A:
Explore once potentially-habitable areas
Science Objective B:
Seek bio signatures
Science Objective C:
Science Objective D:
Demonstrate in-situ resource utilization.
And here are the instruments that will make that possible.
It contains 2 cameras on the probe’s mast, one called Mastcam-Z, which is the main “eye” for the rover. It can take 360 degree panoramic 3D views with an advanced zoom that can see something the size of a housefly from the distance of a soccer field.
And the second camera is called SuperCam. This can actually do a spectrographic analysis of a rock’s chemical makeup from over 20 feet away by burning a hole in the rock as small as the point of a pencil. This was developed in conjunction with a team from France.
PIXL, or Planetary Instrument for X-Ray Lithochemistry will examine rock and soil samples for signs of ancient microbial life and can take extremely close up images of soil samples down to the size of a grain of salt.
MEDA, the Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer is a contribution from a team in Spain, it’s a tiny weather lab that measures wind speed, temperature and humidity and also gathers data about dust particles in the Martian atmosphere.
RIMFAX, the Radar Imager for Mars Subsurface Experiment from Norway is basically like a sonogram that see tens of meters below the ground and detect elements down to the centimeter. This will help find underground water and ice on Mars.
The aptly named SHERLOC, or Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals is a big sciency way of saying it looks for signs of ancient life with UV light, much like forensic investigators at crime scenes. Hence, Sherlock.
But SHERLOC will carry a couple of interesting things with it, one is a Mars meteorite for calibration purposes.
There’s a handful of meteorites found here on Earth that we know were once a part of Mars that were blasted away in an asteroid impact, then travelled through the solar system and eventually landed on Earth.
SHERLOC is going to carry a piece of one of those meteorites to use to calibrate its laser on the Martian surface, which means this will be the first time a piece of martian rock will be returned to Mars.
The other thing is it will be carrying samples of materials that may be used to make Martian spacesuits, to see how well they fare in the Martian environment.
And last but definitely not least is MOXIE, the Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment. This is the module that will be testing in situ resource utilization techniques in the hopes of turning the CO2 in the martian atmosphere into oxygen, just like a tree.
The rover will also contain a special microphone, giving us the first sound recordings from the surface of Mars.
NASA’s Next Mars Rover Will Reunite The Red Planet With One Of Its Long-Lost Chunks
NASA will be launching a new Mars rover in 2020, and it will be carrying something special.
Plans for the Mars 2020 Rover (Part 2) - Dr. Matt Golombek - All Space Considered
PART 2 - Question and Answer Session
What are the plans for NASA's 2020 mission to Mars?
Dr. Golombek answers guests questions about NASA's next robotic Martian explorer, and the search for past life on mars.
All Space Considered is Griffith Observatory’s live science program that is free and open to the public, held the first Friday of every month.
NASA Plans To Send Mars Samples Back To Earth
NASA has unveiled its plan for its next Mars rover, "Mars 2020," which will collect samples from the surface of the red planet.
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Following is the transcript of the video:
Since landing Viking 1 on Mars in 1975, NASA has successfully put 7 rovers on Mars. But there's still one major mission left: Send a sample from Mars back to Earth.
NASA is taking a huge step toward that goal in 2020 with its "Mars 2020" rover. The Mars 2020 comes with some major upgrades. Its radar can search for water or ice 30 feet below the surface. It has an ultraviolet laser that can read carbon atoms to see if they could've been left by ancient carbon-based life.
It can also drill into solid rock to retrieve samples. These samples are critical to NASA's plan. The rover will accumulate a collection of samples. A future mission will pick them up and launch them back to Earth. So, any potential life that the Mars 2020 rover may miss could be found in labs here on Earth.
NASA has narrowed the landing site down to 3 possible locations. Each spot once had environments which could have harbored life. The rover will launch in the summer of 2020 and touch down February 2021.
Engineering for Mars: Building the Mars 2020 Mission (360 video)
Peer over the shoulders of our engineers as they build hardware for NASA's Mars 2020 mission. This 360 video transports you to the historic Spacecraft Assembly Facility at the agency’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. Engineer Emily Howard narrates as you walk around the cruise stage, which will fly the 2020 rover to the Red Planet, and the descent stage, which will lower the rover to the Martian surface. Note: Not all browsers support viewing 360 videos. YouTube supports their playback on computers using Chrome, Firefox, Internet Explorer, and Opera browsers. Use the YouTube app to view it on a smart phone.
For more information on the mission, visit https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020
NASA Begins Building Next Mars Rover Mission
In just a couple of years, NASA’s newest rover will be flying to Mars. The Mars 2020 mission will use the next generation of science and landing technology to collect rock samples for possible return by a future mission. For more info, visit the mission site at https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020
NASA Just Tested A Supersonic Parachute For Mars 2020 Mission
NASA tested a supersonic parachute as it prepares to send another rover to Mars.
NASA’s Mars 2020 Supersonic Parachute: Test Flight #1
The first flight of an advanced supersonic parachute system for Mars 2020—NASA’s next Mars rover. This video is narrated by Ian Clark, the test's technical lead from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The test took place on Oct. 4, 2017, at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility, Virginia. At the moment of full inflation, the parachute is going 1.8 times the speed of sound or nearly 1,300 miles an hour, and generating nearly 35,000 pounds of drag force—drag that would be necessary to help slow a payload down as it was entering the Martian atmosphere. This is the first of several tests in support of NASA’s Mars 2020 mission. For more information, visit https://mars.nasa.gov/mars2020 .
NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover Will Have 23 'Eyes'
NASA’s Mars rovers have come a long way over the decades and its next will be yet another example of the agency’s ever-advancing technological prowess.
Mars 2020 rover will have 23 cameras
NASA unveiled a detailed design of its new rover, which is expected to launch in July or August 2020.
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NASA Might Send a Helicopter to Mars
Nothing’s final yet, but there might be a drone, called the Mars Helicopter, on the upcoming Mars 2020 rover.
Host: Hank Green
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How Mars 2020 Rover Will Help Get Humans on Mars - Congressional Hearing
Congressman Ed Perlmutter (D-CO 7th District) asks a NASA panel about how the new Mars rover, scheduled to launch in 2020 will help get human bootprints on the Red Planet in the 2030s.
Footage from the Space Subcommittee Hearing - Planetary Flagship Missions: Mars Rover 2020 and Europa Clipper.
Plans for the Mars 2020 Rover (Part 1) - Dr. Matt Golombek - All Space Considered
PART 1 - Plans for Mars 2020 Rover Presentation
What are the plans for NASA's 2020 mission to Mars?
Guest Dr. Golombek talks to us about NASA's next robotic Martian explorer, and the search for past life on mars.
All Space Considered is Griffith Observatory’s live science program that is free and open to the public, held the first Friday of every month.
Mars 2020 rover gets updated concept art
A third rover is headed to Mars in 2020, and it's got some upgrades onboard.
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The Next Mission to Mars: Mars 2020
In 2020, NASA will send a new rover to the Martian surface with one of its objectives to search for evidence of ancient life on the planet. I made this clip as a correspondent for Bill Nye Saves the World on Netflix.
Touring the Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) in Pasadena was an awesome experience. I didn't think we were going to get into the control room but we got lucky. Some of the greatest moments in the history of space exploration have taken place there. They have a giant vacuum chamber where they can take the rover down to the atmospheric pressure on Mars (roughly .01x Earth's atmosphere) and test all of the devices to make sure there are no electrical discharges due to the reduced pressure. I also enjoyed seeing how the rocks will be cored and stored in tubes and deposited on the Martian surface awaiting pickup by the following mission.
Images courtesy of NASA.
Filmed by Raquel Nuno from 3:30 onwards.
Music: http://epidemicsound.com "Serene Story 2"
Mission to Mars: Future MEGAPROJECTS
NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040.
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Video editing and effects by Robin West
Future spacecraft animation by MoonMan Pictures:
NASA’s three-phase plan to put humans on Mars by the year 2040 proves that not all mega-projects are earthbound. Step one is for Lockheed Martin to complete the $20 billion Orion Multi-Purpose Crew Vehicle. It will be the first modern spacecraft capable of carrying humans beyond where the International Space Station currently exists in low earth orbit, to reach asteroids and—eventually—the Red Planet. For these trips, astronauts will need a vehicle that can support them for extended periods of time, while protecting them and their equipment from radiation, extreme temperatures, and micrometeoroid strikes.
But the NASA/Lockheed collaboration has competition. SpaceX CEO Elon Musk has grabbed headlines with his announcement that its Dragon 2 spacecraft will fly two private citizens on a five day trip around the moon and back. The target launch for the mission is 2018. Although that timeline may be overly optimistic given that SpaceX has not yet flown a single manned mission, NASA—in a statement—praised its industry partner for “reaching higher,” and vowed to work closely with SpaceX to ensure it safely “returns the launch of astronauts to U.S. soil.”
For his part, in deference to his company’s close partnership with the American space agency, Musk said he’s willing to bump the two space tourists—who’ve already paid a significant deposit—to a later flight. "NASA always has first priority...So if NASA decides to have the first mission of this nature be a NASA mission, then of course NASA would take priority."
But regardless of who gets around the moon first, the big prize is Mars. 75,000,000 km from Earth, it’s 195x farther than the moon.
To study the effects on the human body of spending months in space, astronauts Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko spent over 11 months living on the ISS. Kelly actually grew two inches during his prolonged time in microgravity. He shrunk back to his normal height two days after returning to earth.
NASA is also using Mars Mission simulations—in which research subjects spend months together in Hawaii isolated from the outside world—to figure out the best way to handle the unique psychological burdens of the long journey.
And that’s where the mission to Mars starts to run into serious challenges. One look at the Orion and Dragon crafts reveals that even if the scientists and engineers get everything else right about the journey, there simply is not enough room for multiple human beings to live together for a nine month each-way trip to Mars—unless the mission is to drive the astronauts completely insane.
NASA’s going to tackle this problem in the next decade by capturing an asteroid and placing it in orbit around the moon, and then docking with it and collecting samples. This mission will be a test run for longer trips away from Earth, deep space walking techniques, and Solar Electric Propulsion, all of which will need to be perfected before any human mission to Mars can move forward.
NASA calls the third and final phase of putting astronauts on Mars Earth Independent. Thanks to successful missions like the Curiosity rover, we’ve already begun to learn a ton about potential exploration zones. The next NASA rover is scheduled to touch down in 2020, and will have company. Europe, China, India, the United Arab Emirates, and SpaceX all plan on taking advantage of the summer 2020 launch window—when the planets will be at their shortest distances from one another—to deliver rovers and orbiters to the Red Planet.
The 2020 rover will help NASA figure out the entry, descent, and landing techniques needed to get down to the Martian surface from orbit, and to learn what’s needed to live off the land.
NASA is also planning a round-trip robotic mission that will return to Earth with samples sometime in the late 2020’s.
But to make that defining moment in human history happen, when a human foot steps down on Martian soil, NASA will have to overcome two massive challenges that could make this one of the most expensive megaprojects in human history: designing a spacecraft that can support a survivable trip to Mars and back, and designing a propulsion system that can deliver that craft, and then bring it home.
Audit of the Mars 2020 Rover Project
The Office of Inspector General examined NASA’s management of its next robotic rover mission to the Martian surface, the $2.4 billion Mars 2020 Project.
NASA Mars 2020 Project Unites Scientists Worldwide
Space holds mysteries and challenges that continue to intrigue scientists. The Mars 2020 project of the U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has enlisted scientists from around the world to work on developing a new generation of the Mars rover. Armine Amiryan of VOA's Armenian service has more on the NASA program in this report narrated by Arman Tarjimanyan.
Originally published at - http://www.voanews.com/a/3531364.html
Exclusive look inside Mars 2020 mission
NASA has big plans for Martian exploration with Mars 2020. Only on “CBS This Morning,” Jan Crawford take a behind-the-scenes look at the assembly room of the mission in Pasadena, California.
Dr. Deborah Bass - Mars 2020 - 18th Annual International Mars Society Convention
Dr. Deborah Bass, Manager, Mission Systems Engineering, Jet Propulsion Laboratory
The Mars 2020 Rover: Programmatic Context and Planning
NASA's Mars 2020 Rover Payload includes these 7 amazing instruments.
NASA has announced the list of instruments that are selected for this Mars 2020 rover.
The Mars 2020 rover is scheduled to launch in July, 2020.
NASA made the selection of 7 instruments from 58 proposals received from researchers and engineers worldwide.
The selected payload proposals are:
Mastcam-Z, an advanced camera system with panoramic and stereoscopic imaging capability with the ability to zoom. The instrument also will determine mineralogy of the Martian surface and assist with rover operations. The principal investigator is James Bell, Arizona State University in Tempe.
SuperCam, an instrument that can provide imaging, chemical composition analysis, and mineralogy. The instrument will also be able to detect the presence of organic compounds in rocks and regolith from a distance. The principal investigator is Roger Wiens, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico. This instrument also has a significant contribution from the Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales,Institut de Recherche en Astrophysique et Plane’tologie (CNES/IRAP) France.
Planetary Instrument for X-ray Lithochemistry (PIXL), an X-ray fluorescence spectrometer that will also contain an imager with high resolution to determine the fine scale elemental composition of Martian surface materials. PIXL will provide capabilities that permit more detailed detection and analysis of chemical elements than ever before. The principal investigator is Abigail Allwood, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in Pasadena, California.
Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman & Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC), a spectrometer that will provide fine-scale imaging and uses an ultraviolet (UV) laser to determine fine-scale mineralogy and detect organic compounds. SHERLOC will be the first UV Raman spectrometer to fly to the surface of Mars and will provide complementary measurements with other instruments in the payload. The principal investigator is Luther Beegle, JPL.
The Mars Oxygen ISRU Experiment (MOXIE), an exploration technology investigation that will produce oxygen from Martian atmospheric carbon dioxide. The principal investigator is Michael Hecht, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Mars Environmental Dynamics Analyzer (MEDA), a set of sensors that will provide measurements of temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, relative humidity and dust size and shape. The principal investigator is Jose Rodriguez-Manfredi, Centro de Astrobiologia, Instituto Nacional de Tecnica Aeroespacial, Spain.
The Radar Imager for Mars' Subsurface Exploration (RIMFAX), a ground-penetrating radar that will provide centimeter-scale resolution of the geologic structure of the subsurface. The principal investigator is Svein-Erik Hamran, Forsvarets Forskning Institute, Norway.
Images/Video Credit: NASA
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Mars 2020 Rover and Beyond News Teleconference from NASA Headquarters in Washington DC
During a July 31 briefing at NASA headquarters, agency officials announced seven science instruments, out of fifty-eight proposed, have been selected to be part of the next rover NASA will send to Mars in 2020. The Mars 2020 rover will be a new version of the Curiosity rover currently operating on Mars – with more sophisticated hardware to conduct unprecedented science and exploration technology investigations, including geological assessments, habitability of the environment and searching for signs of past life on the Red Planet.
Proposed 2020 Mars Rover Science Goals
A team of scientists and engineers gives proposals for NASA's 2020 Mars rover mission.
NASA plans new Mars rover for 2020