Artist’s impression OF Mars Express in orbit around Mars – ESA medialab
An Overview of a Solar Storm at Mars
In September 2017, some of strongest solar activity of Solar Cycle 24 impacted Mars. This was the largest space weather event observed at Mars simultaneously in orbit by MAVEN and Mars Express, and at the surface by the Mars Science Laboratory. In this MAVEN outreach webinar from September 19, 2018, Dr. Christina O. Lee of the Space Sciences Laboratory at UC Berkeley describes how the solar eruptive activity impacted the space environment around Mars, including its atmosphere and the radiation environment at the surface. Access this and all previous MAVEN outreach webinars, here: http://bit.ly/MAVENOW.
Mars Water Find | SpaceTime with Stuart Gary S21E60 | Astronomy Podcast
The world’s premier astronomy and space science podcast. *Liquid water discovered under the Martian south pole A huge subsurface liquid water lake has been detected near the Martian south pole. *Mars Opportunity Rover could be in trouble There are growing concerns about the safety of NASA's Mars Opportunity rover. *Finding the foundations for massive stars A new study has found that the collapse of molecular gas and dust clouds to create new stars occurs far more quickly than previously thought. *Ariane 5 launches Galileo Four more Galileo satellites have been successfully placed into geostationary orbit following their launch aboard an Ariane 5 rocket. *The Science Report Heatwave deaths to continue climbing as climate change causes to globe to heat up. New study compares the kids of same-sex and heterosexual partners. Claims cinnamon oil could be key to preventing superbugs. A new study suggests Neanderthals may have used tools to start their own fires. Alex on tech e-mail security concerns. For enhanced Show Notes including photos to accompany this episode, visit: http://www.bitesz.com/spacetimeshownotes Subscribe, rate and review SpaceTime at all good podcasting apps…including Apple Podcasts (formerly iTunes), Google Podcasts, Stitcher, PocketCasts, Podbean, Radio Public, TuneIn Radio, google play, Spreaker, Spotify, Deezer etc RSS feed: https://audioboom.com/channels/4642443.rss Would you prefer to have access to the special commercial-free version of SpaceTime? Help support the show, subscribe at Patreon....and share in the rewards. Details at www.patreon.com/spacetimewithstuartgary Help support SpaceTime: The SpaceTime with Stuart Gary merchandise shop. Get your T-Shirts, Coffee Cups, badges, tote bag + more and help support the show. Check out the range: http://www.cafepress.com/spacetime Thank you. Plus: As a part of the SpaceTime family, you can get a free audiobook of your choice, plus 30 days free access from audible.com. Just visit www.audibletrial.com/spacetime or click on the banner link at www.spacetimewithstuartgary.com Email: [email protected] Join our mailing list at http://www.bitesz.com/join-our-mailing-list Stream podcast episodes on demand from www.bitesz.com (mobile friendly).
Are There Lakes On Mars?
Are there lakes on Mars? Yes, according to a team of scientists using ESA's #Mars Express orbiter. Using the MARSIS instrument, the team detected the radar echo of an underground lake underneath Mars' southern polar region. #undergroundLake 🔴 Subscribe to my channel: https://youtube.com/christianready?sub_confirmation=1 🔴 Share this video with a friend: https://youtu.be/bkQMI53L1Wc 🔴 From out of town? Translate this video! http://www.youtube.com/timedtext_video?v=bkQMI53L1Wc&ref=share 🔴 More about Mars and Venus: https://youtu.be/KY70s0W5zH0 🔴 Check out more cool cosmic news: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aDykhzVT15w&list=PLrAnGxL8nxOE8WyIR3KM8Jrklyn63A_aJ 🔴 Alejandro Garcia demonstrates water boiling in a vacuum: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ozRhZM7LL-s 🔴 Link to paper by Orosei, et al (Science, 2018): http://science.sciencemag.org/content/early/2018/07/24/science.aar7268/ 🔴 ESA's press release: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/Mars_Express_detects_liquid_water_hidden_under_planet_s_south_pole
Scientists want to be sure of lake on Mars
Scientists think they've detected a sub-glacial lake around one of Mars' polar caps, but nobody's actually seen it yet. Learn more about this story at www.newsy.com/81981/ Find more videos like this at www.newsy.com Follow Newsy on Facebook: www.facebook.com/newsyvideos Follow Newsy on Twitter: www.twitter.com/newsy
Why Was Mars's Underground Lake So Hard to Find? | Breaking News!
Researchers have discovered an underground, liquid water lake on Mars! What might it be like, and why did it take us so long to find it? Our SciShow episode about this:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vJkYBhSqet8&feature=youtu.be Host: Caitlin Hofmeister For special, curated artifacts of this universe, check out https://scishowfinds.com/ ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, Tim Curwick, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters ---------- Like SciShow? Want to help support us, and also get things to put on your walls, cover your torso and hold your liquids? Check out our awesome products over at DFTBA Records: http://dftba.com/scishow ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: Paper: http://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.aar7268 http://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.aau1829 https://www.nap.edu/read/11381/chapter/3 https://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/about-categories/ https://marsnext.jpl.nasa.gov/scieng_plantary.cfm https://mars.nasa.gov/programmissions/missions/past/viking/ https://www.hou.usra.edu/meetings/lpsc2015/pdf/2586.pdf https://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express http://science.sciencemag.org/content/316/5821/92 https://news.umich.edu/martian-salts-must-touch-ice-to-make-liquid-water-study-shows/ http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/Mars_Express_radar_gauges_water_quantity_around_Mars_south_pole https://em.geosci.xyz/content/physical_properties/dielectric_permittivity/index.html https://planetaryprotection.nasa.gov/marsrequirements Images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Flathead_River,_Flathead_Lake.jpg https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/11796 https://jpl.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA19917 https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/3896 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Mars_Express_over_Tharsis_volcanoes.jpg https://www.jpl.nasa.gov/spaceimages/details.php?id=PIA02393 https://svs.gsfc.nasa.gov/4249 https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Perchlorate-2D-dimensions.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Perchlorate-3D-balls.png https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/images/pia09226.html https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/images/pia09222.html https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:NASA_spacecraft_comparison2.png https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%22Tatort%22_Blood_Falls_(16293969810).jpg https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Blood_falls1_f_Low_Res_nsf.gov.jpg https://www.nasa.gov/multimedia/imagegallery/image_feature_2465.html
A Giant Underground Lake on Mars! | Breaking News
Scientists have discovered an underground lake of liquid water on Mars! While this isn’t itself evidence for life on Mars, it does raise some new possibilities. Our SciShow Space episode about this: https://youtu.be/b8eNOOqi258 Hosted by: Hank Green Head to https://scishowfinds.com/ for hand selected artifacts of the universe! ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: Lazarus G, Sam Lutfi, Nicholas Smith, D.A. Noe, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Charles Southerland, Patrick D. Ashmore, Tim Curwick, charles george, Kevin Bealer, Chris Peters ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: http://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.aar7268 http://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.aau1829 https://www.space.com/30673-water-flows-on-mars-discovery.html https://www.space.com/21554-mars-toxic-perchlorate-chemicals.html Images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Oblique_View_of_Warm_Season_Flows_in_Newton_Crater.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_unfolding_of_MARSIS_boom_2_continues_ESA218825.jpg https://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/images/marsis-caption-20080417.html https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:South_Polar_Cap_of_Mars_during_Martian_South_summer_2000.jpg
Liquid Lake Discovered On Mars
There's water on Mars. The discovery gives hope to the search for life on the planet. The Italian Space Agency announced the discovery of flowing water beneath the southern polar ice cap. MNN reports a subglacial lake was found roughly 12.5 miles wide and a mile below the surface. In 2015, NASA revealed evidence of liquid, flowing seasonal water on the Red Planet. https://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/space/stories/theres-water-mars-NASA-confirms http://www.wochit.com This video was produced by YT Wochit News using http://wochit.com
Lake of liquid water detected beneath surface of Mars
A team of Italian scientists has found the strongest evidence yet of liquid water on Mars. The apparent reservoir of water was detected beneath the planet's southern polar ice cap using radar on the European Space Agency's Mars Express satellite. To read more: http://cbc.ca/1.4757940 »»» Subscribe to CBC News to watch more videos: http://bit.ly/1RreYWS Connect with CBC News Online: For breaking news, video, audio and in-depth coverage: http://bit.ly/1Z0m6iX Find CBC News on Facebook: http://bit.ly/1WjG36m Follow CBC News on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1sA5P9H For breaking news on Twitter: http://bit.ly/1WjDyks Follow CBC News on Instagram: http://bit.ly/1Z0iE7O Download the CBC News app for iOS: http://apple.co/25mpsUz Download the CBC News app for Android: http://bit.ly/1XxuozZ »»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»»» For more than 75 years, CBC News has been the source Canadians turn to, to keep them informed about their communities, their country and their world. Through regional and national programming on multiple platforms, including CBC Television, CBC News Network, CBC Radio, CBCNews.ca, mobile and on-demand, CBC News and its internationally recognized team of award-winning journalists deliver the breaking stories, the issues, the analyses and the personalities that matter to Canadians.
Fly over Mawrth Vallis
This movie, based on images taken by ESA’s Mars Express, highlights Mawrth Vallis, a 600 km-long, 2 km-deep outflow channel at the boundary of the southern highlands and the northern lowlands of Mars. The movie begins at the mouth of the channel in Chryse Planitia, and heads towards the apparent source region in the Arabia Terra highlands. The 4 billion year-old plateau is characterised by many impact craters, indicative of its great age. Zooming in, patches of light and dark deposits are revealed. The light-toned layered sediments are among the largest outcrops of clay minerals – phyllosilicates – on Mars. Their presence indicates the presence of liquid water in the past. The variety of water-bearing minerals and the possibility that they might contain a record of an ancient, habitable environment on Mars led scientists to propose Mawrth Vallis as a candidate landing site for the ExoMars 2020 mission. The animation is based on a colour mosaic and digital terrain model derived from data collected by the high-resolution stereo camera on Mars Express and released earlier this year. More info: http://exploration.esa.int/mars/54721-mawrth-vallis/ http://www.esa.int/spaceinimages/Images/2016/09/Mawrth_Vallis_martian_mosaic Credits: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO
ExoMars arrival seen by Mars Express
This animation shows the view of the arrival of ESA's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) and the Schiaparelli Entry, descent and landing Demonstrator Module as seen from ESA's Mars Express on 19 October 2016. More specifically, it shows the field of view as 'seen' by the Melacom radio receiver on Mars Express, which will be receiving signals from Schiaparelli beginning at 13:22 GMT (15:22 CEST) and ending at 15:08 GMT (17:08 CEST). The record of these signals from Schiaparelli will provide a critical indication of the module's descent progress, trajectory and landing.At the start of the animation, TGO and Schiaparelli are shown already separated, which is set to occur at 14:42 GMT (16:42 CEST) on 16 October. The animation covers the time period between approximately 13:35 GMT (15:35 CEST) and 15:27 GMT (17:27 CEST) on 19 October, including the expected time of Schiaparelli touch down at 14:47 GMT (16:47 CEST). At the end of the animation, Melacom has stopped recording signals from Schiaparelli and the view rotates as Mars Express slews into an Earth-pointing orientation to transmit the recorded signals to mission controllers at ESA's ESOC operations centre in Darmstadt, Germany. More about ExoMars: http://www.esa.int/exomars More about the Melacom lander communication system: http://blogs.esa.int/mex/2012/08/05/melacom-europes-voice-ears-at-mars
Mars Express - Siding Spring flyby
Report live from the Mars Express operations team at the European Space Operations Centre (ESOC) in Darmstadt, Germany. Europe’s Mars orbiter and its scientific instruments had a frontrow seat when Comet Siding Spring grazed the Red Planet, skimming past at a little more than a third of the Moon’s distance from Earth. Siding Spring, discovered in January 2013, is less than a kilometre across and passed Mars at 56 km/s, closing to within 139 500 km at 18:27 GMT (20:27 CEST) on 19 October 2014. More about Mars Express: http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express http://blogs.esa.int/mex
The floodwaters of Mars
Travel across the dramatic flood plains of Mars to celebrate ten years of imaging the Red Planet with Mars Express Ten years ago, on 14 January 2004, Mars Express took its very first images of Mars in colour and in 3D. To mark the occasion, the team produced a fly-through movie of the ancient flood plain Kasei Valles. The movie is based on the 67-image mosaic released as part of the ten-years-since-launch celebrations in June 2013. See http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/The_floodwaters_of_Mars. The scene spans 987 km in the north--south direction, 19--36°N, and 1550 km in the east--west direction (280--310°E). It covers 1.55 million square kilometres, an area equivalent to the size of Mongolia. Kasei Valles is one of the largest outflow channel systems on Mars, created during dramatic flood events. From source to sink, it extends some 3000 km and descends 3 km. Kasei Valles splits into two main branches that hug a broad island of fractured terrain -- Sacra Mensa -- rising 2 km above the channels that swerve around it. While weaker materials succumbed to the erosive power of the fast-flowing water, this hardier outcrop has stood the test of time. Slightly further downstream, the flood waters did their best to erase the 100 km-wide Sharonov crater, crumpling its walls to the south. Around Sharonov many small streamlined islands form teardrop shapes rising from the riverbed as water swept around these natural obstacles. The Planetary Science and Remote Sensing Group at Freie Universität Berlin produced the movie. The processing of the High Resolution Stereo Camera image data was carried out at the DLR German Aerospace Center. Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum) / Music: Crabtambour
From the highest volcano to the deepest canyon, from impact craters to ancient river beds and lava flows, this showcase of images from ESA's Mars Express takes you on an unforgettable journey across the Red Planet. Mars Express was launched on 2 June 2003 and arrived at Mars six-and-a-half months later. It has since orbited the planet nearly 12 500 times, providing scientists with unprecedented images and data collected by its suite of scientific instruments. The data have been used to create an almost global digital topographic model of the surface, providing a unique visualisation and enabling researchers to acquire new and surprising information about the evolution of the Red Planet. The images in this movie were taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera and the video was released by the DLR German Aerospace Center as part of the ten years of Mars Express celebrations in June 2013. The music has been created by Stephan Elgner of DLR's Mars Express planetary cartography team. DLR developed and is operating the stereo camera. Read the original post on DLR's website here: http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10212/332_read-7208/year-all/332_page-2/#gallery/10805 Credit: ESA / DLR / FU Berlin (G. Neukum)
Fly-through movie of Hebes Chasma
Fly-through movie of Hebes Chasma, the northernmost part of Valles Marineris. The movie was created from images taken by the High Resolution Stereo Camera on Mars Express. Copyright: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum)
Mars Express Full Orbit Video 2.0
In celebration of the 10th anniversary of Mars Express: a new and enhanced Full Orbit Video generated by multiple images acquired by the VMC camera - the Mars Webcam - on board ESA's Mars Express This version is a special 'MEX birthday preview'. We'll post a somewhat extended version late next week, to coincide with the next expected VMC image set arriving from Mars (for news, follow the VMC blog http://blogs.esa.int/vmc) Thanks to the Mars Express Science & operations teams for generating a fabulous, unique-in-our-Solar-System view of the Red planet. And happy Birthday, Mars Express! Credit: ESA - European Space Agency, CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO Copyright Notice: This work is licenced under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 IGO (CC BY-SA 3.0 IGO) licence. The user is allowed to reproduce, distribute, adapt, translate and publicly perform this publication, without explicit permission, provided that the content is accompanied by an acknowledgement that the source is credited as 'ESA/DLR/FU Berlin’, a direct link to the licence text is provided and that it is clearly indicated if changes were made to the original content. Adaptation/translation/derivatives must be distributed under the same licence terms as this publication. To view a copy of this license, please visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/igo/
Landing sites on Mars
Laetitia Le Deit, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, investigates sites on the surface of Mars that are well suited for landers and are of particular interest to research. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
The cartography of the surface of Mars
In this interview, Klaus Gwinner, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, reports on the 3D modelling and cartography of the surface of Mars based on data from the HRSC camera. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
The Mars moons Phobos and Deimos
In this interview, Harald Hoffmann, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, reports on the current debate on the formation and future of the Martian moons Phobos and Deimos. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
Volcanism on Mars
In this interview, Ernst Hauber, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, talks about the geology of Mars, its long-lasting volcanism, its tectonics and the development of the crust of the planet. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
The weather and climate on Mars
In this interview, Daniela Tirsch, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, explains how wind and weather continue to leave their mark on the surface of Mars today. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
Trailer for the DLR webspecial: A window on Mars -- 10 years of Mars Express
http://www.mex10.dlr.de/index-en.html Nobody would have believed it back then; when the European Space Agency (ESA) spacecraft Mars Express was launched on 2 June 2003 to investigate our neighbouring planet, its mission was intended to last one Mars year, which is equivalent to about two Earth years. This is now the tenth year that the Mars Express spacecraft has been orbiting Mars, enabling us to obtain a wealth of important information about its geological development. Mars: a planet full of riddles http://www.mex10.dlr.de/index-en.html
The history of Mars exploration
Ulrich Köhler, a planetary geologist at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research, gives us an overview of the history of the exploration of our planetary neighbour. More information: http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
The possibility of life on Mars
Tilman Spohn is head of the DLR Institute of Planetary Research. In this interview he talks about the possibility of life, not just on Mars, but also on other planets and moons as well. More information: http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
Mars -- our red neighbour
In addition to giant volcanoes and deep rift valleys, Mars has even more spectacular landscapes. Experience the various features of this planet in fascinating images acquired with the High Resolution Stereo Camera on board ESA's Mars Express spacecraft. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
The history of the climate of Mars
Ralf Jaumann is head of the Planetary Geology department at the DLR Institute of Planetary Research. He is the experiment manager and co-investigator for the HRSC on Mars Express. In this interview he is focusing on the climatic history of the Red Planet. More information: Webspecial "Mars: a planet full of riddles" http://www.dlr.de/en/mex10 and http://www.dlr.de/en/mars
On board Mars Express, in orbit around the Red Planet -Im Mars Express um den Roten Planeten
ENGLISH The mission that has enabled DLR scientists to study Mars was launched 10 years ago Grabens, dendritic valleys, lava flows and the highest known mountain in the Solar System -- in the images from the German stereo camera on board the Mars Express spacecraft, the topography of the Red Planet appears so three-dimensional that you could walk through it. "For the first time, we can see Mars spatially -- in three dimensions," says Ralf Jaumann, project manager for the mission at the German Aerospace Center (Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt; DLR). Mars: a planet full of riddles http://www.mex10.dlr.de/index-en.html Institute of Planetary Research http://www.dlr.de/pf/en/desktopdefault.aspx German Aerospace Center http://www.dlr.de/dlr/en/desktopdefault.aspx/tabid-10002/ DEUTSCH Seit zehn Jahren kreist die Raumsonde um den Mars - DLR-Wissenschaftler vermessen den Planeten Gräben, verzweigte Täler, Lavaflüsse oder auch den höchsten Berg im Universum - auf den Bildern der deutschen Stereokamera, die mit der europäischen Sonde Mars Express um den Roten Planeten fliegt, ist die Topographie des Mars so plastisch, dass man durch sie hindurchspazieren könnte. "Zum ersten Mal konnten wir den Mars räumlich - dreidimensional - sehen", sagt Prof. Ralf Jaumann, Projektleiter für die Mission im Deutschen Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR). Der Mars: Ein Planet voller Rätsel http://www.mex10.dlr.de DLR-Institut für Planetenforschung http://www.dlr.de/pf/ Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt http://www.dlr.de
Mars Express ten year highlights
The journey of Mars Express, from drawing board through launch, to its key science highlights during ten years of operations. With its suite of seven instruments, Mars Express has studied the subsurface of the Red Planet to the upper atmosphere and beyond to the two tiny moons Phobos and Deimos, providing an in depth analysis of the planet's history and returning stunning 3D images.
Mars mineral globe
This unique atlas comprises a series of maps showing the distribution and abundance of minerals formed in water, by volcanic activity, and by weathering to create the dust that makes Mars red. Together the maps provide a global context for the dominant geological processes that have defined the planet's history. The maps were built from ten years of data collected by the OMEGA visible and infrared mineralogical mapping spectrometer on Mars Express. The animation cycles through maps showing: individual sites where a range of minerals that can only be formed in the presence of water were detected; maps of olivine and pyroxene, minerals that tell the story of volcanism and the evolution of the planet's interior; and ferric oxide and dust. Ferric oxide is a mineral phase of iron, and is present everywhere on the planet: within the bulk crust, lava outflows and the dust oxidised by chemical reactions with the martian atmosphere, causing the surface to 'rust' slowly over billions of years, giving Mars its distinctive red hue. The map showing hydrated minerals includes detections made by both ESA's Mars Express and by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Copyright: Hydrated mineral map: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay; NASA/JPL/JHUAPL; Olivine, pyroxone, ferric dust & dust maps: ESA/CNES/CNRS/IAS/Université Paris-Sud, Orsay Orsay; Video production: ESA.